Teacher Training Courses After 12th & Graduation

Teaching is a noble profession. Teachers are highly valued and respected in the society. Education plays an important role in the all round development and prosperity of a Nation. Teachers play a crucial role in educating the society. In this article, you will be reading about teaching courses available in India after 12th and after graduation. Topics like eligibility criteria, career prospects, pg courses and job profiles available have also been covered here.

Education is the process of acquiring knowledge and being able to apply/make use of that knowledge. A teacher is a person who educates his/her students. In short, a teacher can be said to be a source imparting knowledge!

The profession of teaching is a challenging and demanding one. A teacher is not only responsible for teaching his/her students, but also shaping his/her students into good citizens and human beings. Not only academic development, ample attention must also be given to moral and emotional development of students!

Indian is facing a shortage of qualified teachers. A large chunk of Indian population belongs to the student category. There is a need for this section of population to be educated. But the ratio of teachers to students is not up to the mark in India. This is one of the main reasons behind the rising demand for teachers in India.

With time, more and more students are opting for professional courses like Medicine, Engineering, Law, Management etc. Over the years, number of students opting for teaching profession has reduced. Many Indian students see teaching as a low paying profession. This, to an extent, has also lead to reduced number of qualified teachers available in India.

To be honest, teaching is a rewarding profession. It provides one with an opportunity to develop and educate a generation and thus help in the process of Nation building. There are diverse job opportunities available in this field. Some of the well known advantages of teaching profession are-

Respected profession in the society
Chance to aid in Nation building
Financially rewarding

If you are interested in this profession, you’ll have to pursue teaching courses, clear teacher’s eligibility/aptitude test to become a teacher. Some of the courses can be pursued right after 12th. Some other courses can be pursued after graduation. Let us take a look at some of the well known teaching courses available in India. Education/teaching courses are available in the below mentioned formats in India-

Certificate
Diploma
Bachelor’s Degree
Master’s Degree
Doctorate
WELL KNOWN TEACHING COURSES IN INDIA

1 BA + B.ED. INTEGRATED COURSE

B.Ed. stands for Bachelor of Education. It is a Degree that makes one eligible to take up teaching as a profession. It is a postgraduate course. But, the Government has decided to introduce integrated programs. This has been done due to the acute shortage of teachers that we have been facing for some time. BA B.Ed. integrated course has been created as a part of this step by the Government. The course is a combination of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Education Degrees (Dual Degree). Based on personal preference, one may select a good subject and go for this integrated course!

Duration: The course duration is 4 years. The program is divided into 4 academic years.

Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream, with English subject. 50% minimum aggregate marks is also required (minimum marks required may vary from one institute to another). D.Ed. qualification holders may get admission directly in the second academic year of this program.

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

2 B.SC. + B.ED. INTEGRATED COURSE

Earlier, students had to go through B.Ed. program separately, after completing B.Sc. course. But thanks to the introduction of B.Sc. + B.Ed. integrated course, things have become much more simple! This program is a combination of B.Sc. and B.Ed. Degrees. Based on personal preference, one may choose an appropriate subject and pursue this integrated course!

Duration: The course duration is 4 years.

Eligibility: 10+2 Science stream passed (subjects required depends on the nature of the program), with minimum 50% aggregate marks. D.Ed. qualification holders may get admission directly into the second academic year of the integrated program.

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

3 B.EL.ED.

B.El.Ed. stands for Bachelor of Elementary Education. It is an elementary teachers training program. This course has been designed to train students and make then capable to taking up the role of primary school teacher. This program is a combination of theory and practicum courses.

Duration: Course duration is 4 years. Theory part consists of 3 years. 1 year is dedicated towards practicum course.

Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks in specified subjects (subjects may vary from one institute to another). Minimum aggregate marks criteria may vary from one institute to another.

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

4 D.EL.ED.

D.El.Ed. stands for Diploma in Elementary Education. It is an elementary teachers training Diploma certificate program. It is a good alternative to B.El.Ed. course. The course trains students and makes them capable of taking up the role of elementary school teacher.

Duration: Course is 2 years long.

Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another.

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

Some very similar Diploma certificate teacher’s training programs are-

BTC (Basic Training Certificate)
PTC (Primary Teachers Certificate)
ETE (Elementary Teacher Education)
NTT (Nursery Teacher Training)
DED (Diploma in Education)
TTC (Teachers Training Certificate)
JBT (Junior Basic Training)

All the above mentioned courses are either certificate or Diploma programs. Course duration is 2 years and eligibility criteria are same as that of D.El.Ed. Moreover, the job profile in case of all these courses is same. After completing any one of them, one will be able to take on job roles like- elementary level teacher, nursery teacher or primary level teacher.

5 B.P.ED.

B.P.Ed. stands for Bachelor of Physical Education. It is also known as BPE course. It is an undergraduate Degree program that focuses on Physical Education.

Duration: Course duration is 3 years.

Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another.

After completing the course, one may start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.

6 DPE

DPE stands for Diploma in Physical Education. It is an undergraduate Diploma certificate program that focuses on Physical Education.

Duration: Course duration is 2 years.

Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another.

After completing the course, one may go for further studies or start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.

7 B.ED.

B.Ed. stands for Bachelor of Education. It is a PG course. Graduates are eligible to pursue this course after completing their undergraduate Bachelor’s Degree program. Earlier, the duration of B.Ed. course was 1 year. But this program has since been subjected to revision and a new 2 years long version of this program has been introduced. This Degree is required to become a teacher at secondary and higher secondary level. B.Ed. course can also be pursued after completing postgraduate course.

Duration: Course duration is 2 years (revised).

Eligibility: Minimum qualification required is- BA, B.Sc. or B.Com. Degree. Minimum aggregate mark required is 50% marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. One must also pass B.Ed. entrance examination to secure admission!

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

8 ADVANCED COURSES

Some advanced education courses you must be aware of are-

M.Ed.
M.Phil. in Education
M.Sc. Education
MA Education
9 SPECIAL EDUCATION COURSES

Special education program trains one to educate and guide students suffering from visual impairment, hearing impairment or mental retardation. The special education programs focuses on the above mentioned 3 impairments (a student may choose any one among the three). Some of the well known programs are-

B.Ed. Special education
D.Ed. Special education
BA B.Ed. Special education
Diploma in early childhood special education
M.Ed. Special education
10 ASSISTANT PROFESSOR AFTER MASTER’S

After completing Master’s education, one may appear for tests like NET/SET/SLET and become Assistant Professor.

CAREER PROSPECTS

Depending on the course, one may work as- Nursery teacher, Elementary school teacher, Primary level teacher, Secondary and Higher Secondary level teacher, Special education teacher or Assistant professor. Job profile depends upon the professional course that one chooses.

Nurseries, Schools, Special Schools and Colleges are common places where one may find a job. One may also start own coaching centre or work for one. Educational consultancies are also known to hire teachers.

Posted in B. Ed.

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